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Chemistry & Physics

Author

AuthorUse both the author's name, the year of publication and the page number.  Remember to include the book or article in your works cited page. 

"Marston later came to believe that there is no better form of psychological propaganda than a comic book" (Lepore, 2014, p. 37).

OR

Lepore (2014) notes that "Marston later came to believe that there is no better form of psychological propaganda than a comic book" (p. 37).

For a quotation that is 40 words or more, leave out quotation marks, start the quote on a new line that is indented half an inch from the left margin. Double space the entire quotation.

Block Quote Double-Spaced

Paraphrasing (putting the author's idea in your own words) does not need quotation marks. APA style does not require that you include page numbers for paraphrasing but does encourage it.

William Marston later came to regard the comic book as an ideal tool of psychological indoctrination (Lepore, 2014, p. 37).

OR
Lepore notes that William Marston would soon come to view the comic book as an ideal tool of psychological indoctrination (2014, p. 37).

No Author

No Author

If there is no author mentioned (very common with websites) use a shortened version of the title. If you are using the title of an article/page from a website, put the article/page title in quotes.  If you are citing a book, put the book title in italics. If there is no page number just leave it out. If there is a year include it.  

Article/Page from Website Examples:

"Many of the fish we enjoy are in trouble due to destructive fishing and farming practices" ("Sushi Consumer Guide," 2017).

OR

According to the Monterey Bay Aquarium "Sushi Consumer Guide" "many of the fish we enjoy are in trouble due to destructive fishing and farming practices" (2017).

Book example:

"St. Francis College has a proud heritage of preparing students to take their places as leaders in their fields" (The Cord, 2016).

Different Authors With Same Last Name

Different Authors, Same Last Name

Provide each author's first initial.  If they share the same first initial, provide the full first name.

In the play, Death of a Salesman, a character declares "Not finding yourself at the age of thirty-four is a disgrace!" (A. Miller, 1949, p. 16), but only a decade later members of the counterculture movement of the 1960s would reject this notion of a "life oriented toward work, status, and power" (T. Miller, 2012, p. 124).

Same Author, Two Different Works

Same Author, Two Different Books

If you have two different books by the same author, published in the same year, assign lower case letters (a, b, c) to the year.  Match the letters to the order in which the books appear in your works cited page.

Research by Berndt (1981a) illustrated that...

The Bible

The BibleYou do not need to list classical religious texts like the Bible in your works cited page but you must include an in-text citation when you quote from it.

Include the book of the bible, the chapter and verse and the name of the edition. 

During his Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said "blessed are the merciful: they shall have mercy shown them" (Matt. 5:5 New Jerusalem Bible).

 

eBook

eBookSince the page number of ebooks are not consistent (i.e. they change depending on the device and font settings) you should not use page numbers for in-text citations.  One option is to use paragraph numbers if they are provided. (You can also manually count the paragraphs if you wish.)

Winters describes the a summer thunderstorm noting how "the first drops strike their light civic stripes on the pavement" (para. 2).

It is okay to use page numbers in a pdf version of an ebook where the page numbers are consistent with the print version.